Do You Know BSC Physics 2nd semester syllabus 2024. From The Education Authorities changes in syllabus can be made at any time. It is important to check latest syllabus.

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Contents

## BSC Physics 2nd semester syllabus 2024

Kinetic Theory

Maxwell’s law for distribution of molecular velocity (no derivation) mean free path, rms

velocity, Degrees of freedom, principle of equi partition of energy, application to the

specific heat of gases.

Thermodynamics

First law of thermodynamic. Isothermal and adiabatic changes, work done in isothermal

and adiabatic changes. PV diagrams. Second law of thermodynamics,Heat engine,

expression for efficiency of Carnot’s cycle, reversibility of Carnot’s cycle. Principle of

refrigeration. Carnots theorem. Entropy: change of entropy in reversible cycle, principle of

increase of entropy in irreversible process. Entropy of universe, temperature- entropy

diagram, entropy of perfect gas, Third law of thermodynamics. Clausius and Clayperon

equation for variation of melting and boiling points.

### Unit – 2

Low temperature physics

Ideal and real gases, Andrew’s experiments, porous plug experiment, expression for

temperature of inversion, principle of regenerative cooling. Liquefaction of air, Oxygen

and helium. Production of low temperatures by an adiabatic demagnetization

(qualitative)

Radiation

Black body radiation, Stefan’s law(derivation), Distribution of energy in black body

spectrum, statement of Wein’s and Rayleigh – Jean’s Law. Plank’s quantum theory of

radiation, derivation of Plank’s law. Wein’s and Rayleigh – Jean’s Law from Plank’s

radiation law. Radiation momentum and pressure, Croke’ radiometer.

### Unit – 3

Waves and oscillations

Progressive wave: Equation for wave in one dimension (general form), differential

equation for wave motion. Expression for relation between amplitude and intensity.

Expression for velocity of progressive wave in a medium, Newton’s formula with

derivation.

Forced Vibration:

Equation for damped vibrations, forced vibration solutions in

exponential form. Resonance expression for amplitude and phase at resonance.

Applied acoustics

Sound transducer’s and their characteristics Microphone and speaker (principle of

operation), requisites of good auditorium, reverberation time. Sabine’s formula (with

derivation).

**Reference:**

- Sound by Khanna and Bedi
- Wave and oscillations by A.P. Frech.
- Text book of sound by Brijilal and Subramanyam.
- Text book of Heat by D.S. Mathur.
- Heat and thermodynamics by J.B. Rajam
- A treatise on heat by Sha and Shrivastave.
- Heat and thermodynamics by Brijilal and Subramanyam.

## BSC 2nd Semester Physics Practical Syllabus

Note:

- Each experiment is of 3 hours duration..
- Two practical sessions per week
- Minimum of 12 experiments are to be carried out

Lab Experements:

Specific heat by cooling – graphical mthod.

Emissive of surface.

Thermal conductivity of good conductor by Searle’s method.

Thermal conductivity of bad conductor by Lee’s and Charlaton’s method.

Determination of Stefan’s constant for Black body radiation.

Diameter of molecule by Monte carle method

Verification of Stefan’s – Boltzmans law

Thermal conductivity of rubber tube.

J – by Electrical method (applying radiation correction by graphical method),

Measurement of temperature using thermo couple.

Helmholtz resonator.

Velocity of sound through a wire using Sonometer.

Determination of frequency of a n electrically maintained tuning fork .

Determination of Latent heat of a vaporization of a liquid.

To verify the laws of transverse vibration using sonometer.

To verify the laws of transverse vibration using Melde’s apparatus.

To compare the mass per unit length of two strings using Melde’s apparatus.

Frequency of AC by using sonometer.

J – by continuous flow method.

velocity of sound using Kunds tube.

**Reference:**

- Experimental physics – M.A. Hippargi.
- Experimental physics – Gadad & Hiregoudar.
- Practical physics – C. L. Arora.
- Advanced practical physics – Worsnop and Flint.
- Practical physics – Gupta & Kumar Vol I, Vol II

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